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ENERGY SOURCES IN EGYPT

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ENERGY SOURCES IN EGYPT

November, 4, 2020

Energy is an extremely important element that is involved in all sectors in the lives of individuals until it has become an integral part of the activities of daily life, and energy is defined as the ability to perform and do a job and has the ability to cause a specific or radical change in a certain aspect, and examples of uses Energy Exploitation of oil derivatives to operate factories and move transportation means and others.
Types of energy: – Thermal, electrical power, Nuclear energy, Hydroelectric power, Wind Energy, Tidal Energy, Chemical energy and Solar energy.
There are two types of energy sources:
Renewable energy sources ; are known as the sources that provide energy permanently and inexhaustible, and their source is natural, whether limited or unlimited, they are renewed as soon as they are depleted and depleted, and the advantage of being clean and environmentally friendly, and do not produce any environmental pollution, and examples of types of renewable energy: Tidal phenomenon, Water flow, Wind intensity, Sun rays, Sustainable biofuel and Earth’s core heat.
Non-renewable energy sources; which are characterized by their inability to be available permanently, and they have a certain period of time and end at that time as a result of frequent use, and they may be present in nature but in small quantities and need long periods of time to be regenerated and formed, examples of which are fossil fuels and coal.
Non-renewable energy sources are very important; Because they contain large quantities of chemical energy, which are easily converted during the combustion process into thermal energy, and their sources are:
Fossil fuels, this type of fuel needs many years to be regenerated and formed again, as some fossil fuels require two hundred million years to form, meaning that it has been since ancient geological times, and it is likely that they were formed after the decomposition of the remains of living organisms and animals that were buried under Layers of the earth’s crust, by the action of pressure and heat, they turned into fossils. Fossil fuels are divided into three main types:
Charcoal: It is a mixture of carbon materials, and it is two types of charcoal and coal.
Crude oil: Oil is one of the most widespread non-renewable energy sources and the most important of them. It is a black liquid made up of a mixture of organic compounds, and its most important components are carbon and hydrogen and it is called hydrocarbons, which is highly flammable and dense.
Natural gas: Natural gas is one of the cleanest fossil sources, and it includes a number of high-temperature units, and it can be found in the depths of the earth, either alone or mixed with oil, and its basic components are methane, ethane, propane, and butane. The species is extremely important for the preparation of clean fuels, and all the changes that are brought about are the removal of impurities such as hydrogen and carbon dioxide attached to it.
Egypt is the largest non-OPEC oil producer in Africa and the second-largest dry natural gas producer on the continent. The country also serves as a major transit route for oil shipped from the Arabian Gulf to Europe and to the United States.
Energy raw materials in Egypt includes petroleum materials such as petroleum and natural gas, and solid energy raw materials include a number of types, the most important of which are:
Carbon materials:
Like Coal, which is found in Oyoun Moussa and Jabal Al Maghara regions in North Sinai, and the proven reserves in Jabal Al Maghara are 27 million tons, of which about 21 million tons can be mined, and is used as fuel for power plants, cement factories and other industries, and carbon babies that reside in Bada and Thawra areas in the South Governorate Sinai, where the proven reserve is estimated at about 15 million tons, while the potential reserve is estimated at about 60 million tons, and
the oily sludge that is found in the rocks above phosphate formation in the Red Sea and New Valley governorates. The Total geological reserve of Qusier sector at Red Sea Area are 1496 X 106 Ton (15 Pelion ton).
Radioactive ores:
Uranium, which is found in the rocks of the Eastern Desert in the Mesikat region, Jabal Qattar and Sinai, and is used in the production of nuclear energy.
Reference: Egypt State Information Service

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