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SOLAR POWER SYSTEM IN EGYPT

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SOLAR POWER SYSTEM IN EGYPT

November, 16, 2020

God Almighty has blessed Egypt with a tremendous capacity and a great wealth of solar energy … as Egypt has the highest rates of solar radiation reception in the world (3000 kWh / year), and 96% of the area of Egypt is A desert that has not been used nor has its bounties, including solar energy, used until now. And although Egypt has areas that fall within the scope of the most receiving regions of solar radiation in the world. In addition to the sand from which solar panels are made that are used in the electricity that is produced. Of solar energy (raw materials), as an area in the New Valley was recently discovered that contains more than 450 billion cubic meters of sand that contains 99% pure silicon oxide, which is a great wealth in the field of solar energy and the manufacture of its tools. In Egypt, there are many regions that contain pure white silica sand, despite all of that However, Egypt has not yet entered the scope of benefiting from solar energy.
Solar Energy is one of the renewable energy sources and the most abundant in the world, and it is solar radiation that can be used in several things, the most important of which are: production of chemical reactions, heat production and electricity generation, in addition to the fact that solar energy is spread all over the world. It is considered a clean source that does not cause pollution, so if it is exploited and utilized appropriately, it will satisfy a large proportion of the world’s energy needs in the future.
Solar energy is generated by thermal motors or photovoltaic converters. Technologies that rely on the exploitation of positive solar energy include the use of photovoltaic panels and a solar thermal collector, along with mechanical and electrical equipment, to convert sunlight into other useful sources of energy.
In 2020, dependence on renewable energies will be about 44%, while in 2030 it will be about 53%, and in 2040 it will be approximately 72%. We note the increasing investment of solar energy, bio-energy and wind energy, while the dependence on energy generated from water currents will remain almost unchanged, and we note that future sovereignty will be for solar energy up to 50% of all renewable energies.
The importance of the solar energy project is represented in the clean electrical energy that can be obtained, in addition to the ability to sell this energy at great prices, and at the same time provide non-renewable energy such as coal, petroleum and natural gas, who are at a high cost, which reduces the budget of any country.
The importance of this project revolves around the great profit that everyone who thinks about establishing this project gets, in addition to obtaining energy from the sun, which is energy that is not implemented at low prices, instead of relying on gas and petroleum at high prices.
This project requires some of the necessary supplies that are required to generate solar energy, the first of which is the sun, which is the main element of this project, as its energy is from the operation of the project: –
• Solar panels: There are two main types of solar panels, which are mono panels, which are known as “mono”, and it is distinguished by that it works with greater capacity in places that are cold. And the second type is the polycrystalline panels, which are characterized by working more capacity in places where the temperature is high, so in our Arab countries this type is relied upon.
• Batteries for solar energy: The project needs a number of solar energy batteries, whose function is to store solar energy during the day, for use during the night, and there are a number of types.

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